Resource #4-1: Timeline of California

c. 10,000 B.C. The first Americans began to migrate to North America from Asia.
1510 De Montalvo's novel, Las Sergas de Esplandian, published in Spain.
1521 Cortés conquers the Aztecs, and Spain controls Mexico.
1674 Sanson Map outlining the Island of California published.
1769 Junipero Serra and de Portola's expedition begins to colonize Upper California.
1769-70 Presidios and missions are established at Monterey and San Diego.
1776 San José pueblo is established.
1776 Mission is established in San Francisco.
1781 Los Angeles pueblo is established.
1821 Mexico gains its independence from Spain and takes control of California.
1826 Jedediah Strong Smith makes the first overland trip by an American to California from the East.
Early 1830s Americans settle Oregon.
1835 Texas becomes a republic.
1844 "54°40' or Fight"; Polk, favoring expansion, is elected president.
1845 John O'Sullivan, editor of the United States Magazine and Democratic Review, coins the term Manifest Destiny.
1846 Oregon ceded by Great Britain to the United States.
1846 Bear Flag Republic, Sonoma, California.
1846 Mexican-American War begins.
1846 Mormons sail to and land in San Francisco, led by Sam Brannan in defiance of Brigham Young.
Jan. 24, 1848 Gold is discovered at Sutter's Mill.
Feb. 2, 1848 Mexican-American War ends with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
1849 California Gold Rush begins on a global scale; the world rushes in.
Sept. 5, 1850 Compromise of 1850; California becomes a state.
Part I, Resource #4-1
Page 26